Children young for their grade more likely to be diagnosed with ADHD:
A study from Taiwan Journal of Pediatrics, online, March 10, 2016

Difficult to directly relate to American culture, but measured in a a modern democratic society. Executive functions mature in children, in a documented sequence. It is not impossible that comparing younger children’s milestones to those of older children may bias these designations.
Also at

Misconceptions about ADHD, Ned Hallowell, Washington Post, March 2, 2016

Rising abuse and ER visits related to Adderal in 18 to 25 year olds, February 16, 2016
– Johns Hopkins Public Health Magazine, Spring 2016,, February 16, 2016

Videogame play – preferred and non- preferred effects – evidence of delayed development of areas of the brain associated with verbal intelligence, January 5, 2016
Much has been said, both positive and negative about the effects of extensive videogame play. This peer-reviewed article from Japan cites imaging evidence.

Brain networks and salience: Stanford Medicine, Biological Psychiatry, December 15, 2015.
The coordination of the “salience network” with two others, and their effect on the central executive network, which manipulates information in working memory. Enhanced diagnostic potential of scans.

ADDitude Magazine Current information, practical suggestions, webinars.

Parental preferences and goals regarding ADHD treatment

Pediatrics, Sept, 2013: ADHD and autistic type traits:

New EEG best for ADHD diagnosis – skepticism. NY Times, July 16, 2013:

LEARNING DISABILITY NAVIGATOR Endorsed by National Center for Learning Disabilities and the American Academy of Pediatrics

THE SPARK: A Mother’s Story of Nurturing Genius, Washington Post, May 17, 2013

British Medical Journal, Nov. 5, 2013: Are we overdiagnosing ADHD? An overview by Australian psychologists, and a proposal for a more conservative and stepped diagnostic approach.

ADHD Institutional Links

A selection of ADHD related web sites.

Challenging and Informative Books

A New Understanding of ADHD in Children and Adults – Executive Function Impairments I consider this the best current book explaining the science behind ADHD, with peer-reviewed literature references. Its most outstanding (first) chapter can be googled and viewed by typing in “Thomas E. Brown and 35 myths”, or by going directly to

Focus: The Hidden Driver of Excellence Daniel Goleman, 2013. (This book acknowledges the special creativity and resourcefulness of those with ADHD as well. A business, social, and global model which would help everyone.)

Mindset: The New Psychology of Success Carol Dweck, Ballantine Books, 2007. (This book was required reading for Fairfax County teachers recently. The growth mindset works, and Dweck explains why.

How Children Succeed How Children Succeed, Paul Tough, Mariner Books, 2013 (Even in impoverished neighborhoods, the virtues of toughness, grit, and endurance can predict success – and more appreciation of it than in those who don’t have to fight for it.)

Back to Normal Why ordinary childhood behavior is mistaken for ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Enrico Gnaulati, PhD, Beacon Press, 2011. (The author describes behaviors, rather than fixed diagnoses. He does not pigeon hole, and he has excellent suggestions to understand and communicate effectively.

Fast Minds: How To Thrive if you have ADHD (or think you might) Craig Surman, M.D., Tim Bilkey, M.D. Berkley Publishing Group, 2013. (For older teens and adults, with inventories and practical management systems)

The Upside of Irrationality: the unexpected benefits of defying logic Dan Ariely, Harper Perennial, 2011 reprint. (Ariely sustained a horrible burn and recovered a meaningful and relational life. Our intuition, hunches, and inner resources often win the day.)