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Slide presentation resources

#1 – Brain Structures associated with internet addiction tendency in adolescent online game players
Frontiers in Psychiatry, Mar 6, 2018
Structural abnormality in the right MFG might lead to the impairment of cognitive control in online game players. As a result, the online game players could not control their problematic online game playing and exhibited a higher tendency to the IGD.

Reference: Internet Addiction test (self-report),

#2 – Reduced orbitofrontal cortex thickness in adolescent males with internet addiction
Behavior and Brain Functions, 2013

#3 – Brain activity and desire for internet video game play Comprehensive Psychiatry, 2011

#4 – Impact of videogame play on the brain’s microstructural properties
Molecular Psychiatry, January 5, 2016.
As affecting numerous brain regions and verbal intelligence. Study on boys and girls age 8 to 14.
MRI diffusion tensor imaging, showing a correlation between video game playing and the following: Connectivity changes regardless of intelligence quotient type, associated with decreased verbal intelligence in both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses; Delayed development of the microstructure in extensive brain regions.

#5 – Validity of Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and Mobile Phone Dependence Questionnaire
PLoS One, June 2018

#6 – ADHD Severity linked to higher videogame addiction risk – regardless of type of videogame
American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse¸06 Jun 2018

#7 – Seven screen recreational screen hours daily/increased sedentary behavior in children – cardiac effects – American Heart Association is concerned
NEJM Journal Watch, August 6 2018 (the AHA recommends 1-2 hrs. of daily recreational screen time)

#8 – Decreases in psychological well-being among American adolescents since 2012, corresponding to increased smartphone use
Emotion, 2018, Sept 18 (6) Jean Twenge, PhD

#9 – Pew Research Center – One quarter of US Adults almost constantly online. Median adult checks cell phone every 4.3 minutes. March 2018

#10 – A case study in smartphone use , and gratification in the age of narcissism. Correlating an inverse relationship between smarphone use and both narcissism and GPA. Correlaint a positive relationship between smartphone checking habits and use and exhibitionism

International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction, April 2017,

#11 – Social Media -Association with depression among US young adults Depress Anxiety 2016 April 33 (4):323-331

#12 – American Medical Association statement on social media and electronic devices, 11/15/17
-AMA meeting, for immediate released, 11/15/17
“A ‘notable link;’ between the increased use of social media and levels of depression and anxiety…The American Academy of Pediatrics recognizes this link as well…Nearly a quarter of teens are online ‘almost constantly.’ ”

#13 – Social media and suicide: a public health perspective, “Evidence is growing that social media can influence pro-suicide behavior…social media may pose a risk to vulnerable individuals who are part of (virtual communities without physical boundaries.” “Social networking sites for suicide prevention can facilitate social connections” “More research on degree and extent of social media’s negative and positive influences” needed. 2012

#14 – Internet gaming – addictive potential. American Psychiatric Association, June 2017. Nine criteria listed

#15 – Techno-interference: associations between parent technology use, parenting stress, and child behavior problems
-A vicious cycle: Increased technology use and interruptions during parent interactions causing stress, affecting parenting, and causing parents to use technology more.
Pediatric Research, 13 Jun 2018

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